Download e-book for iPad: An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy 2nd Ed. by Oliver Leaman

By Oliver Leaman

ISBN-10: 0511041314

ISBN-13: 9780511041310

ISBN-10: 0521793432

ISBN-13: 9780521793438

Even if Islamic philosophy represents some of the most vital philosophical traditions on the earth, it has in simple terms particularly lately began to obtain awareness within the non-Islamic international. this can be a re-creation of a winning introductory e-book, improved and up to date to take account of contemporary scholarship. It specializes in what's considered as Islamic philosophy's golden age, and may entice scholars and to any common reader drawn to this philosophical culture.

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Sample text

The consequent sequences of emanated Intellects are linked with the generation of other celestial things such as the Fixed Stars, the planets, the sun and the moon. A particularly important role is played by the Tenth Intellect, the intermediary between the celestial and the terrestial worlds, between the higher and the lower worlds. This Intellect, which is the Aristotelian nous poietikos, the Active or Agent Intellect, is responsible both for making human thought actual and making form available to humanity and the sublunary world.

The Mu‘tazilites insisted that reason is an important interpretative device in gaining profound  An introduction to classical Islamic philosophy insight into the Qur’¯an, and that it is a condition of true faith that one should by the use of reason alone know all the following: God’s existence, essence and characteristics; the possibility of prophecy and revelation; what it is to act morally and immorally; and the structure of the physical world and its relation to its maker. These facts must be reached by the use of independent reason since otherwise they must rest on authority and tradition, which are imperfect grounds for holding such important beliefs.

As the understanding of the form becomes more abstract, we move to the actual intellect, and when this is perfected (only available to a few) the stage of the acquired intellect is attained. This represents the level at which the intellect is fully actualized and the individual human intellect is similar to the other immaterial intellect, the active intellect. It can now not only contemplate itself and the intelligibles abstracted from material things, but also the active intellect and the immaterial substances themselves, and this represents the limit of human knowledge.

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An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy 2nd Ed. by Oliver Leaman

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