By Jurgen Heideking, Christoph Mauch, EDITOR *
Even paranoids have enemies. Hitler’s strongest foes have been the Allied powers, yet he additionally feared inner conspiracies bent on overthrowing his malevolent regime. in truth, there has been a small yet major inner resistance to the Nazi regime, and it did obtain aid from the skin international. via lately declassified intelligence files, this publication finds for the 1st time the entire tale of America’s wartime wisdom approximately, encouragement of, and mystery collaboration with the German resistance to Hitler—including the recognized July twentieth plot to assassinate the Fuehrer.The U.S. government’s mystery contacts with the anti-Nazi resistance have been performed by way of the OSS, the area conflict II predecessor to the CIA. hugely delicate intelligence stories lately published through the CIA make it glaring that the U.S. govt had sizeable wisdom of what was once occurring contained in the 3rd Reich. for instance, a capitulation supply to the western Allies into consideration by way of count number von Moltke in 1943 was once completely mentioned in the U.S. executive. And Allen Dulles, who was once later to turn into head of the CIA, used to be good trained in regards to the mythical plot of July twentieth. in truth, those mystery stories from within Germany offer a well-rounded photograph of German society, revealing the professional- or anti-Nazi attitudes of other social teams (workers, church buildings, the army, etc.). The newly published records additionally express that students within the OSS, lots of them recruited from ivy-league universities, searched for anti-Nazi routine and leaders to assist create a democratic Germany after the war.Such intelligence collecting used to be an incredible activity of the OSS. despite the fact that, OSS director “Wild invoice” Donovan and others favourite subversive operations, spreading disinformation, and issuing propaganda. Unorthodox and infrequently harmful schemes have been constructed, together with bogus “resistance newspapers,” anti-Nazi letters and postcards allotted during the German postal provider, sabotage, and faux radio pronounces from “German generals” calling for uprisings opposed to the regime.This is far greater than a documentary assortment. Explanatory footnotes offer a wealth of history details for the reader, and a complete advent places the files into their wider old standpoint. prepared in chronological order, those intelligence stories supply a desirable new point of view at the tale of the German resistance to Hitler and demonstrate an fascinating and formerly unexplored element of America’s warfare with Hitler.
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Extra info for American Intelligence And The German Resistance: A Documentary History (Widerstand, Dissent and Resistance in the Third Reich)
7 He said that it is very important that encouragement be offered to the effect that negotiation with the United Nations for a durable peace could be instituted if the Nazi leaders were eliminated by the group resisting them. If this were not done, he said, chaos and revolution would ensue since Hitler would take up Bolshevism rather than give in to the western powers. He added that his friends did not want to risk their lives unless there is some hope I, NA, RG 226, Entry 134, Box 307. Shortly before German forces occupied Southern France in November 1942, Mien Dulles had crossed the Swiss border and established himself as head of the OSS-outpost in Bern under the cover of "Special Representative for the President of the US," 1, On 8 January 1943, the Soviet Supreme Command summoned the German Sixth Army, which had been encircled in Stalingrad, to surrender.
Dulles who, at that time, was working in the New York City bureau of the Coordinator of Information (COI), the predecessor of the OSS. In a letter to William J. Donovan, Dulles explicitly favored Hagen's proposals. On 12 May 1942, Allen W, Dulles forwarded the Hagen Report to Arthur }. Goldberg in Washington who in June 1942 had founded the OSS Labor Section and become head of its outpost in London. 3. On 11 March 1941 $6 billion of Lend-lease aid had been approved by Congress. 4 The way to influence the existing spontaneous differentiation is two-fold.
The principal medium, leaflets distributed by planes from a task force based in Britain, has not even been planned for. Considerations of basic plans, of what to say, by what spokesmen, to what labor elements, are outlined in the analysis following. H. B. [Heber Blankenhorn] Tht Labor Factor I. B. [Psychological Warfare Board]. This is especially true for the Western Europe Theatre, where the size and influence of labor organizations have been greater than in any other war zone. 2 II. Demarcations of Labor Situation The labor situation in Western Europe Theatre falls into four main divisions: A.
American Intelligence And The German Resistance: A Documentary History (Widerstand, Dissent and Resistance in the Third Reich) by Jurgen Heideking, Christoph Mauch, EDITOR *