By Enlli Mon Thomas, Ineke Mennen
This publication offers a latest method of the examine of bilingualism. Drawing on contributions from major specialists within the box, this publication brings jointly - in one quantity - a variety of the interesting paintings performed as a part of the programme of the ESRC Centre for study on Bilingualism in idea and perform at Bangor college, Wales.
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51), and the same is implied for the French L1 bilinguals (p. 52). ‘Most of them [the English native speakers] had children who spoke French as their principal language and attended Frenchspeaking schools’, although they spoke English with their children to encourage bilingualism (p. 52). Much the same as Major (1992), Flege (1987) summarised the results of his study by suggesting that phonetic properties of similar L1 and L2 phones were ‘merged’ in the late consecutive bilingual migrants (p. 62); in both of the bilingual groups, the characteristic VOT of their L1 became more like the VOT of their L2, decreasing for the AmericanEnglish native speakers living in Paris, and increasing for the French native speakers living in Chicago.
Moreover, the Welsh-dominant bilinguals were significantly more accurate than the English-dominant ones on /fr/ and /skr/, and attained the acquisition threshold earlier on many English clusters. Together, the findings suggest an asymmetry in cluster acquisition with considerably better performance of the Welsh-dominant bilinguals on the Welsh clusters, without, however, a concomitant lag on the English ones. ’s (2005) study of singleton consonant acquisition in Welsh-English bilingual children which yielded similar findings.
Fricative + /l/ Performance on fricative + /l/ clusters was excellent from the outset. 018). 4 shows that this is attributable to a few inaccurate productions by Welsh-dominant children in the two youngest age groups. 001), with somewhat more accurate productions on the Welsh than the English words. Interestingly, age was found to interact with dominance on English /fr/, with the Welsh-dominant bilinguals outperforming their English-dominant counterparts. 003). 4 indicates poor performance on both clusters from the outset with slow improvements over time.
Advances in the Study of Bilingualism by Enlli Mon Thomas, Ineke Mennen